Rise and fall of the wall
August 1961: Berlin Wall is constructed.
Aug. 24, 1961: First fatal shooting of an East German refugee.
June 26, 1963: U.S. President John F. Kennedy visits Berlin and says, “Ich bin ein Berliner.”
June 12, 1987: U.S. President Ronald Reagan visits Berlin and urges Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the wall.
Feb. 5, 1989: Last fatal shooting; 20-year-old man dies.
August 1989: Tens of thousands of East Germans swamp West German diplomatic missions in East Berlin, Czechoslovakia and Hungary seeking asylum.
Sept. 11, 1989: Hungary opens its border with the West to East German refugees.
Oct. 7, 1989: During visit to East Berlin, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev indirectly urges reform; thousands demonstrate against East German regime in first of series of protests that grow to rally of 1 million people
Nov. 7-8, 1989: East Germany's ruling Politburo resigns.
Nov. 9, 1989: Berlin Wall falls: Border between East and West Germany opens.
Sources: The Associated Press, McClatchy-Tribune News Service